How is resisting instincts a symptom of decline in Nietzsche?
Nietzsche thinks “a life bright, cold, careful, aware, without and in resistance to
instincts” is sick and it’s a formula to DECADENCE to have to fight instincts.
He said, “As long as life is ascending, happiness is the same as instinct.”
He argues that because we don’t have reason, so we should prefer our instinct.
One idiosyncratic of Western philosophers is that they lack a sense of history and
they deny history or they don’t believe in senses.
Chief enemy of life—affirmation in West-Platonic dream of an “other” better world
of transcendent forms, beyond sensory and material where we are now
No “true world.” “Apparent world” is the only world. Revenge against this life is to
fantasize another world or resisting instincts.
Resisting instincts is a symptom of decline in Socrates, when he recognized his
sickness by admitting his cave of bad cravings, and saying, “Living—that means
being sick a long time.”
The instinctive hatred of reality: the consequence of an extreme susceptibility to pain
and irritation -- so great that merely to be "touched" becomes unendurable, for every
sensation is too profound.
An animal, a species, or an individual is "depraved" or "decadent" when it loses its
instincts for that which sustains its life, and "prefers what is harmful to it.”
Life itself presupposes an instinct for growth, for sustenance, for "the will to power",
the striving for some degree of control and mastery of one's surroundings.
Christianity sets itself up in opposition to those instincts and hence Christianity is an
expression of decadence, a negation of the will to life.
Nietzsche concludes that this
"entire fictional world has its roots in the hatred of the natural" world (ex: kingdom of
God, angels, sins, and other imaginaries), a hatred which reveals its origin. For "who
alone has reason to lie himself out of actuality? He who suffers from it"
Nietzsche feels that the idea of free will is restricting.
His argument stems from the
idea that the “nonsensical doctrine of freedom of will” is used to create moral blame.
Nietzsche feels that the blame (specifically the view of Descartes) is not liberating
and instead results in feelings of punishment and unworthiness.
To be restricted in
this way ultimately leads one on the path to following the morality of the slave and to
deny essential parts of your humanity.
What is Nietzsche’s evaluation of the equation: reason=virtue=happiness?
Nietzsche refutes the idea that reason=virtue=happiness.
He claims that this is
Socrates’ doctrine and means of finding truth.
However since good is no more
desirable than evil, reason is not necessarily the route to happiness.
Instead of finding value in the outside abstractions (ultimate good and evil) one can