9/26 Stoicism Stoics-Nature does not operate with time for an end-It operates for necessity, things are determined, fated to be the way it is-Human life unfolds generally, with few exceptions-Aristotle defines notion of force, humans are self determined-Deterministic, fatalistic- most things in life are not up to us • Bodies, fortune, health/ disease • Only thing that is up to us is our attitude about our fate (which is set) • We must accept that • Do have freedom (ability) to adopt an attitude toward fate • Do not have control over honors bestowed on us-Laws of life govern human society, do not come from it (natural law theory) Attitudes-Difficult to control, but we have a lot of control over it Epicetus’ Objections-Very depressing view of the world • The stoic is not interested in whether this makes you happy • Just the way it is One should not desire to benefit others, but if the thought comes to mind, he should just set the stoic example. Awareness
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