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Unformatted text preview: Harcourt Brace & Company Lecture Suggestions: 7 - 1 Chapter 7 Bonds and Their Valuation Learning Objectives After reading this chapter, students should be able to: List the four main classifications of bonds and differentiate among them. Identify the key characteristics common to all bonds. Calculate the value of a bond with annual or semiannual interest payments. Calculate the yield to maturity, the yield to call, and the current yield on a bond. Explain why the market value of an outstanding fixed-rate bond will fall when interest rates rise on new bonds of equal risk, or vice versa. Differentiate between interest rate risk, reinvestment rate risk, and default risk. List major types of corporate bonds and distinguish among them. Explain the importance of bond ratings and list some of the criteria used to rate bonds. Differentiate among the following terms: Insolvent, liquidation, and reorganization. Read and understand the information provided on the bond market page of your newspaper. Chapter 7: Bonds and Their Valuation Integrated Case 2 Answers to End-of-Chapter Questions 7-1 From the corporatio ns viewpoint, one important factor in establishing a sinking fund is that its own bonds generally have a higher yield than do government bonds; hence, the company saves more interest by retiring its own bonds than it could earn by buying government bonds. This factor causes firms to favor the second procedure. Investors also would prefer the annual retirement procedure if they thought that interest rates were more likely to rise than to fall, but they would prefer the government bond purchase program if they thought rates were likely to fall. In addition, bondholders recognize that, under the government bond purchase scheme, each bondholder would be entitled to a given amount of cash from the liquidation of the sinking fund if the firm should go into default, whereas under the annual retirement plan, some of the holders would receive a cash benefit while others would benefit only indirectly from the fact that there would be fewer bonds outstanding. On balance, investors seem to have little reason for choosing one method over the other, while the annual retirement method is clearly more beneficial to the firm. The consequence has been a pronounced trend toward annual retirement and away from the accumulation scheme. 7-2 Yes, the statement is true. 7-3 False. Short-term bond prices are less sensitive than long-term bond prices to interest rate changes because funds invested in short-term bonds can be reinvested at the new interest rate sooner than funds tied up in long-term bonds. For example, consider two bonds, both with a 10% annual coupon and a $1,000 par value. The only difference between them is their maturity. One bond is a 1-year bond, while the other is a 20- year bond. Consider the values of each at 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% interest rates....
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