Wolchik - Ukraine 1994-2004 stop go reforms w/increasingly...

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Ukraine 1994-2004: stop & go reforms w/increasingly corrupt undemocratic actions of Kuchma protest fraudulent elections in 2004 [ Orange Revolution ]  new period of Reform  w/Yushchenko as president Opened questions of possibility that Ukraine would join European/Euro-Atlantic  institutions Problems: consolidating democracy and creating prosperous market economy Procommunist and Communist Ukraine In 1900’s: divided into 3 states 1917-1920: tried to create independent state, but failed 1918: declared independence from Russia and united w/western Ukraine; Bolsheviks and  Poles fought against independent Ukraine 1920-1921: Ukrainian lands divided between Russia, Poland, Romania and Hungary 1921: territory enlarged, regained some territories back; Russia first to united Ukrainian  territories into one state Under Soviet rule, non-Russian republics =homelands for non-Russians=allowed great  deal of autonomy in return of keeping nationalism in check; Russification took place 1920s: Soviet policies of  indigenization  supported Ukrainization of Ukrainian life;  included migration of peasants to growing urban centers Stalin feared indigenization would lead to political demands  destroyed Orthodox  Church, created widespread purges, executed Ukrainian nationalists/communists,  Russification  took over o Created artificial famine, private farms decimated o Ukranians moved into centers that were empty b/c of Jewish genocide Soviet policies played eastern Ukr against western Ukr “bourgeois nationalist”  counterparts Eastern Ukrainians did not see Soviet power as imported Western Ukrainians saw Soviet as important, foreign and Russian
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  • Fall '07
  • Wolchik
  • Hungary, Gero b/c Rakosi, Soviet pressed Hungarians, comm.=less repressive b/c, strategic influence b/c, Tildy=elected president Rakosi

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