Chapter 1 Outline - Chapter Outline I Human Diversity A...

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Chapter Outline I. Human Diversity A. Anthropology is the study of the human species and its immediate ancestors. B. Anthropology is holistic in that it is concerned with studying the whole of the human condition: past,  present and future; biology, society, language, and culture. C. Anthropology offers a unique cross-cultural perspective by constantly comparing the customs of one  society with those of others. II. Anthropology A. The four subdisciplines of American anthropology 1. Cultural anthropologists study human society and culture. a. Ethnography (based on fieldwork) provides an account of a particular community, society, or  culture. b. Ethnology examines, analyzes, and compares the results of ethnography. 2. Archaeological anthropology reconstructs, describes, and interprets human behavior and cultural  patterns through material remains. 3. Biological, or physical, anthropology is concerned with human biological diversity across time and  space. a. Hominid evolution b. Human genetics c. Human biological plasticity d. Primatology 4. Linguistic anthropologists study present languages and make inferences about those of the past. B. American anthropology has two dimensions. 1. Academic or theoretical anthropology 2. Applied anthropology, which involves the application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory,  and methods to identify, assess, and solve contemporary social problems. III. Applying Anthropology
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A. Applied anthropologists work for groups that promote, manage, and assess programs aimed at  influencing human behavior and social conditions. B. Applied anthropologists come from all four subfields of anthropology. 1. Biological anthropologists work in public health, nutrition, genetic counseling, substance abuse,  epidemiology, aging, mental illness, and forensics. 2. Applied archaeologists locate, study, and preserve prehistoric and historic sites threatened by  development (cultural resource management).
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