Glossary - Glossary acculturation The exchange of cultural...

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Glossary acculturation    The exchange of cultural features that results when groups come into continuous  firsthand contact; the original cultural patterns of either or both groups may be  altered, but the groups remain distinct. achieved status    Social status that comes through talents, actions, efforts, activities, and  accomplishments, rather than ascription. adaptation    The process by which organisms cope with environmental stresses. African-American English  Vernacular (AAEV)    See Black English Vernacular. age set    Group uniting all men or women (usually men) born during a certain time span; this  group controls property and often has political and military functions. agnates    Members of the same patrilineal descent group. agriculture    Nonindustrial system of plant cultivation characterized by continuous and intensive  use of land and labor. androgyny    Similarities (e.g., in dress, adornment, or body features) between males and 
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females. animism    Belief in souls or doubles. anthropology and education    Anthropological research in classrooms, homes, and neighborhoods, viewing  students as total cultural creatures whose enculturation and attitudes toward  education belong to a larger context that includes family, peers, and society. apical ancestor    In a descent group, the individual who stands at the apex, or top, of the common  genealogy. applied anthropology    The application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory, and methods to  identify, assess, and solve contemporary social problems. archaeological anthropology    The branch of anthropology that reconstructs, describes, and interprets human  behavior and cultural patterns through material remains; best known for the study  of prehistory. Also known as "archaeology." archaic state    Nonindustrial state. ascribed status    Social status (e.g., race or gender) that people have little or no choice about  occupying. assimilation    The process of change that a minority group may experience when it moves to a  country where another culture dominates; the minority is incorporated into the  dominant culture to the point that it no longer exists as a separate cultural unit. balanced reciprocity    See generalized reciprocity.
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band    Basic unit of social organization among foragers. A band includes fewer than one  hundred people; it often splits up seasonally. berdaches
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Glossary - Glossary acculturation The exchange of cultural...

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