eoc_staar_review_12_civil_rights - STAAR Review 12 Civil War Amendments During the early years of our nation slavery was permitted in many areas But

eoc_staar_review_12_civil_rights - STAAR Review 12 Civil...

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STAAR Review 12
Civil War AmendmentsDuring the early years of our nation, slavery was permitted in many areas.But after the Civil War things began to change, these changes became law with constitutional amendments.13thAmendment – (1865) abolished slavery14thAmendment – (1868) provided for equal protection under the law and gave those born here citizenship.15thAmendment – (1870) gave former male slaves suffrage or the right to vote.These amendments to the Constitution were the foundation of the Civil Rights Movement of the Twentieth Century.
The Truman Years, 1945-1953In 1947, Jackie Robinson, the grandson of a slave, became the first African American to play Professional Baseball.“42” opened the door for many African Americans and other minorities in different fields of sports, entertainment, and business.The following year Pres. Truman issued an executive order that desegregated the military and ended discrimination in hiring practices by federal government.
Brown v. Board of Education, 1954Civil Rights were won in large part through litigation– resolving disputes in court.Many of these cases were decided by the Supreme Court.The 1954 Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education was central to the success of the Civil Rights Movement.After the end of the Civil War, Southern states passed laws requiring segregation of races in public places, including schools.
Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896The Supreme Court decision of Plessy v. Ferguson’ upheld the constitutionality of segregation laws.The Court ruled ‘separate but equalwas constitutional.States could legally provide segregated facilities to different races, so long as they were equal in quality.Although schools were supposed to be equal, most schools in the South were greatly inferior to white schools.

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