07 Realism - Realism Or Realism Or “Anarchy Made Me Do...

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Unformatted text preview: Realism, Or Realism, Or “Anarchy Made Me Do It” Class Business Cell Phones Off Cell Phones Off PRS Clickers On – Look for “DR C” REALISM REALISM PELOPONNESIAN WAR SECURITY DILEMMA PRISONER’S DILEMMA ANARCHY SELF­HELP BALANCE OF POWER ABSOLUTE V. RELATIVE GAINS BANDWAGONING REALISM AND THE IRAQ WAR Principles of Political Realism Principles of Political Realism Theorists States Focus: Great Power Conflict Actors: States Goals: Survival/Security/Power Means Used: Military Force Organizing Principle: Dynamics: – Anarchy – Effective and Fungible System – Self­Help / Security Dilemma / Balance of Power Prescriptive v. Prescriptive v. Explanatory Realism The Balance of Power The Balance of Power Balance Against the Biggest Threat – Capability = Threat (Intentions Irrelevant) – Internal Balancing Relative, not Absolute Power, Matters Relative v. Absolute Gains Relative v. Absolute Gains Thought Experiment: Post –Holocaust Australia A) DOOR ONE: – Everybody gets a knife. B) DOOR TWO: – Everyone in your group gets: AK47 w/ 10,000 rounds – Everyone else gets: Pickup trucks Mounted machine guns Unlimited gasoline Cool leather outfits The Balance of Power The Balance of Power Balance Against the Biggest Threat – Capability = Threat (Intentions Irrelevant) – Internal Balancing – External Balancing – Bandwagoning: Relative, not Absolute Power, Matters Choose Allies Based on Distribution of Power The opposite strategy Allying yourself with the actor most likely to succeed What about international law? “Where there is no common power there is no law. Where there is no law there is no injustice…” ­ Hobbes Would realist theorist have Would realist theorist have supported the Iraq war? A) Yes B) No C) Not Sure “A compelling strategic rationale is absent… Even if such a war goes well and has positive long­range consequences, it will still have been unnecessary.” ­ John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt, January 2003 RECAP RECAP International Politics is a Self­Help System First Goal of all States: Security Relative Power is All That Matters Justice and Morality Don’t Matter No Such Thing as a Defensive Weapon “Might may not make right, but it sure makes what is.” – Edward Abbey ...
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