IB 117 _13 Gastrointestinal disease

IB 117 _13 Gastrointestinal disease - opium Papaver...

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IB 117  Thomas Carlson Gastrointestinal  remedies  Plant origin  Geogra phic  origin Mechanism of action /  therapeutic uses psyllium seeds &  seed husks Plantago afra,   P. ovata Europe Bulk forming laxative works in 1-3  days seed/seed husks,  sennosides A & B,  danthron Senna alexandrina   S. augustifolia Asia Stimulant laxative works in 6-8  hours Bark,  anthraquinones  Rhamnus purshianus West  North  America Stimulant laxative works in 6-8  hours castor seed oil Ricinus communis Africa osmotic laxative works in 1-3 hours peppermint oil  Mentha piperita Europe Reduces intestinal spasms and  reduces intestinal fullness and is  used to treat irritable bowel  syndrome ginger Zingiber officinalis Asia Treats nausea THC, cannabis Cannabis sativa Asia Treats nausea & vomiting and  stimulates appetite cinnamon Cinnamomum  zeylanicum Asia Treats nausea and stomache  discomfort Chamomile tea Matricaria recutita Europe Treats stomache discomfort Tincture/paregoric of 
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Unformatted text preview: opium Papaver somniferum Europe Used to tx diarrhea by following mechanisms: decreases propulsive contractions in small intestine; decreases propulsive peristalic waves in large intestine; decreases gastric, biliary, pancreatic, & intestinal secretions atropine and tincture of belladonna Atropa belladonna Europe Blocks muscarinic cholinergic receptors and works as an antispasmodic to tx diarrhea guava leaf tea Psidium guajava Trop. America Treats diarrhea rice, rice water Oryza sativa Asia Antisecretory mechanism to tx diarrhea bark latex, Croton lechleri S. Antisecretory mechanism be crofelemer America inhibiting chloride ion secretion into the intestinal to tx diarrhea Bark extract, berberine Berberis vulgaris, B. aquafolium Europe, N. Amer Antimicrobial which tx both diarrhea and dysentery...
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  • Summer '08
  • PROFESSORCARLSON
  • Europe Asia Asia Asia Europe, diarrhea Treats diarrhea, diarrhea Antisecretory mechanism, Treats nausea Treats

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