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Unformatted text preview: opium Papaver somniferum Europe Used to tx diarrhea by following mechanisms: decreases propulsive contractions in small intestine; decreases propulsive peristalic waves in large intestine; decreases gastric, biliary, pancreatic, & intestinal secretions atropine and tincture of belladonna Atropa belladonna Europe Blocks muscarinic cholinergic receptors and works as an antispasmodic to tx diarrhea guava leaf tea Psidium guajava Trop. America Treats diarrhea rice, rice water Oryza sativa Asia Antisecretory mechanism to tx diarrhea bark latex, Croton lechleri S. Antisecretory mechanism be crofelemer America inhibiting chloride ion secretion into the intestinal to tx diarrhea Bark extract, berberine Berberis vulgaris, B. aquafolium Europe, N. Amer Antimicrobial which tx both diarrhea and dysentery...
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- Fall '08