IB 117 FINAL REV - IB 117 Thomas Carlson Peripheral nervous...

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IB 117  Thomas Carlson Peripheral nervous  system analgesics &  anti-inflammatories  Plant origin  Geographical /cultural  origins Mechanism of action cocaine and  derivatives procaine,  tetracaine, & lidocaine Erythroxylum  coca South  American  Andes Mtns Local blockade of nerve  impulses, dopaminergic stim,  local constriction acetylsalicylic acid,  salicylic acid,  Filipendula  ulmaria Europe Inhibits cyclooxygenase which  inhibits prostaglandin synthesis salicin, saligenin Salix alba Europe Inhibits cyclooxygenase which  inhibits prostaglandin synthesis diosgenin as precursor to  glucocorticoids  Dioscorea  mexicana Mexico Blocks cytokine production. Inhibits phospholipids  conversion to arachidonic acid  … inhibits prstaglandin  synthesis, anti inflam capsaicin Capsicum  annuum &  Capsicum  frutescens Tropical  America a heat-activated ion channel  pain pathway, antiinflam, top  analgesic, anti rheumatism
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IB 117  Thomas Carlson Peripheral nervous  system Tiger Balm  analgesics /  rubefacients Plant origin  Geographical /cultural  origins Mechanism of action camphor Cinnamomum  camphor Asia Agonist at cold-activated ion  channel pain pathway menthol  Menthol piperita Europe Agonist at cold-activated ion  channel pain pathway eucalyptus Eucalyptus  globulus Australia Agonist at cold-activated ion  channel pain pathway Clove oil  Syzygium  aromaticum Asia Agonist at heat-activated ion  channel pain pathway capsaicin Capsicum  annuum & C.  frutescens Tropical  America Agonist at capsaicin receptor, a  heat-activated ion channel pain  pathway methyl salicylate Gaultheria  procumbens Eastern USA Inhibits cyclooxygenase which  inhibits prostaglandin synthesis salicylic acid Filipendula  ulmeria Europe Inhibits cyclooxygenase which  inhibits prostaglandin synthesis IB 117  Thomas Carlson Topical Skin Remedies Plant origin  Geographical /cultural  origins Therapeutic uses aloe Aloe vera Arabia Burn treatment witch hazel ointment Hamamelis  virginiana Eastern USA Hemorrhoids, varicose veins, al  topical arnica Arnica montana  & A. fulgans Europe &  North  America Skin inflammation,  blunt injures, rheumatism calendula  Calendula  officinalis Europe Skin inflammation, skin  infections, wound healing
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capsaicin Capsicum  annuum & C.  frutescens Tropical  America Agonist at capsaicin receptor, a  heat-activated ion channel pain  pathway oats Avena sativa Europe Anti-itch papain, chymopapain Carica papaya Tropical  America Protease enzyme debrides  necrotic wound tissue;  enhances digestion bromelain Ananas  comosus South  America Protease enzyme debrides  necrotic wound tissue;  enhances digestion Endocrine  remedies Plant origin Geographical  origin Mechanism of action /  therapeutic uses diosgenin as  precursor to 
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  • Summer '08
  • PROFESSORCARLSON
  • Adrenergic receptor, therapeutic uses, Thomas Carlson, Geographical  origin Mechanism

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