studyguide1 - Sociology3AC: ,Oct.2nd..Quiz...

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Sociology 3AC: Review of Key Theory Ideas for Quiz 1 The quiz will be held in class on Thursday, Oct. 2 nd . We will have lecture after the quiz. Quiz material will cover lectures and assigned readings through Thursday, Sept. 25 th . You do not need to bring scantrons or blue books. You can mark your answers directly on the quiz pages. Expect multiple choice, T/F, fill in the blank and (perhaps) short answer questions. I. Social Theorists and Theories A. C. Wright Mills (1916-1962)--one of the most influential sociologist of the 1950s. C. Wright Mills was among the first people to study corporate culture (White Collar , 1951) and those at the top of U.S. society (The Power Elite , 1956). He also offered penetrating insights into the course of sociology as a discipline and how larger social forces can affect individual lives (The Sociological Imagination , 1959). Mills was often critical of trends in US society and believed that sociologists needed to play a leading role in shaping public discussions of controversial issues. Mills died suddenly at the relatively young age of 45. 1. Based on "The Promise," the first chapter of The Sociological Imagination , explain the following terms and ideas: a) what is the " sociological imagination "? What benefits do we as individuals gain from developing a sociological imagination? i) how do people gain insight into self and others by exploring the “ intersection between biography and history ”? ii) what is to be gained by understanding the difference between “ personal troubles” and “ public issue s”? iii) what three examples did Mills use to illustrate the “public issues” behind problems that are often thought to be “personal troubles”? b) what were the three major questions raised by those exploring social issue with a sociological imagination? i) does Mills believe that “human nature” is a fixed entity? How might social conditions affect traits that we often consider to be “human nature”? 2. Although these terms are not especially associated with C. Wright Mills, they are terms we have used in class and words than an introductory student in sociology should understand: sociology sociological theory empirical data social institutions (and five examples of major social institutions) organizations individuals vs. individualism industrialization division of labor labor market B. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)--a French scholar who introduced sociology as an academic discipline at various universities in France. His approach to sociology stressed the necessity of developing a common sense of commitment to the larger society. Durkheim believed that society had a great influence on the character of human beings and that it would be impossible to fully comprehend human behavior without understanding the role of external social forces shaping
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human behavior. As a sociological scholar, Durkheim stressed the importance of developing approaches and methodologies that would make sociology a "scientific" study of society. Thus his book Suicide
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