101.pres.part2.2008.nopics - GustatoryReferral

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Gustatory Referral Many flavors in the mouth are called  “tastes” Untrained persons are unaware of  retronasal smell  Route and modality can be clarified by  nose pinching
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Retronasal Smell  Aromatic flavors are perceived via two routes “Orthonasal Smell” - sniffing via the external nares  “Retronasal smell”  from volatiles in the mouth Proceed to the nose via the nasopharynx  Either pumped up during swallowing or from the lungs (expired air) Effectively eliminated by nose-closure (the Von Skramlik maneuver
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Flavor Smell Taste Gustation, proper sweet, sour salty, bitter,  umami Oral Irritation   “Chemesthesis” pepper heat,  menthol cooling astringency Olfaction Nasal  Irritation Retronasal Smell “Aroma by mouth” Orthonasal  Smell “Aroma in the glass Anatomical Systems
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The “Basic” Tastes?    The Aristotelian system: 
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2009 for the course FDSC 3940 taught by Professor C.batt during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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101.pres.part2.2008.nopics - GustatoryReferral

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