22 - EconomyandSociety 17:55 Interaction and Economy...

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Economy and Society  17:55 Interaction and Economy “Governments affect the distribution of values through symbolic acts, as well as through the force of instrumental ones. The struggle to control the symbolic actions of gov’t is often as bitter and as fateful as the struggle to control its tangible effects. Much of our response to political events is in terms of their dramatic, symbolic meaning.” – Gusfield (1963) Global vs Local Economies basic difference = people that are more well- adapted to global economies (like here in the US) and people that aren’t as adapted to global economy (people in the Amazon). Bureaucracy : a component of formal organization that uses rules and hierarchical ranking to achieve efficiency (119). “ A power instrument of the first order .” (Test question) Examples: CU, phone companies (disputing a bill) Rationalization: making things orderly that were once not in order, making rules, making standards. Underlying idea of Bureaucracy. Why is bureaucracy an instrument of power?: Bureaucracies maintain social classes, power instrument that must have knowledge of how it works, power, skills that work within the bureaucracies, how to retain access to this bureaucracies, know who to talk to/what do (how to get elected, fundraise, etc.) Iron rule of oligarchy: 5 characteristics of bureaucracy: division of labor (people doing specific tasks), hierarchy of authority (managers, owners, etc), written rules and regulations (describe everybody’s job, responsibilities), impersonality (makes you into a machine, not personal), employment being based on credentials (as opposed to friendship networks) Office Space examples of Bureaucracies: division of labor (person who answered phone, guy who did the TBS reports, etc), impersonality (person answering phone—“Hi, he’ll be with you in one second…”) division labor so divided that some people didn’t really have a job. The more rules you make, the less work you get done—over rationalized. Written rules and regulations Goldus Placement: both 2 bosses coming out of the office to tell Peter about the covers, and overrationalized systems forget what the goal is because we’re too concentrated on producing the product efficiently (test question) Rationalization: do what you want within corporate guidelines, express yourself by doing exactly what I tell you (pieces of flair within the restaurant). Every restaurant produces burgers, so let’s address the lack of impersonality by using flair and forcing you to have fake character. The system knows it lacks character, but makes rules about making fake character to address the problem. Rationality and irrationality. Power and Authority :
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What is power? Control over a community or collective things or processes (voting, teacher telling everyone to take their hats off) (test question) What is authority? 3 types Traditional authority : things like kings and queens that traditionally hold power, not formally based but based on the way things have always been done
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2009 for the course SOCY 1001 taught by Professor Walden,gle during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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22 - EconomyandSociety 17:55 Interaction and Economy...

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