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Midterm Review

Midterm Review - REL 140 Midterm Review Group Three...

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REL 140 – Midterm Review Group Three: Christianity 1) What is ethics? How we are to believe in certain situations. 2) What are the three main divisions of Christianity? How are they similar to or different from each other? Catholicism, Protestantism, Eastern Orthodoxy Differences: (Structure) Catholicism is organized in a centralized way, at the top of the hierarchy being the Pope. Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism are less centralized with the Bible being the ultimate authority in Protestantism. Similarities: They all believe in baptism and holy communion of some sort; Jesus is the center of their faith. 3) What is the doctrine of original sin and why is it significant? “For Paul, the first human, Adam, is the model of disobedience and Jesus Christ is the model of obedience who reverses Adam’s sin and therefore restores creation 4) What is the significance of the Sermon on the Mount? “It is the core of spirituality that underlies much of Christian ethics—the practice 5) What are the similarities and differences between Christianity and Buddhism? Similarities: Self-denial; priesthood and the monastery; both have prophets; both have a sense of spiritual kenosis; both have written scriptures; have sects within them. Differences: Christianity is political, Buddhism is not; Christianity has a God, Buddhism does not; Christianity’s concept of time is linear, while Buddhism’s is circular. 6) What are the teachings of Paul and how are they significant to Christianity? Paul sees Christianity no longer as a fulfillment of Judaism’s prophesies, but rather as a whole new religion, not exclusively for Jews but also Gentiles; Paul is the founder of the Christian church. 1
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7) What is “self-emptying” and how is it significant to Christianity? “The ethical life consists in learning to die in one’s self as a selfish being in order to be born again as a person capable of a love as all-embracing as that of God” 8) What is the importance of Jesus to the Christian story? He is the son of God, and the central figure to Christianity, who fulfills Jewish prophecies. 9) How did Martin Luther King, Jr. use a Christian ethic in his work toward social justice? Non-violent protest and civil disobedience; pray for those who persecute you; was a Reverend, often cited the Bible for justification. 10) How was King influenced by leaders of other religious faiths? Ghandi’s practice of non-violence was deeply inspiring to him. Group One: Buddhism 1) What is ethics? The moral code; the way a person makes decisions and how he/she lives his/her
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Midterm Review - REL 140 Midterm Review Group Three...

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