The role of turbo machinery 2009

The role of turbo machinery 2009 - The role of turbo...

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Power Generation 1 © Siemens Power Generation 2003. All Rights Reserved 26/02/2009 The role of turbo machinery in a sustainable world 2009 torsten.strand@finspong.com
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Power Generation 2 © Siemens Power Generation 2003. All Rights Reserved 26/02/2009 Content z What is the situation: climate change z What is coming next: business as usual or. ..... z How does the future looks: emissions and energy sources z What is in it for turbo machinery z Some processes z rest products from processes z coal based fuels z bio mass z solar z conversion techniques z Bio mass usage z CO2 sequestration
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Power Generation 3 © Siemens Power Generation 2003. All Rights Reserved 26/02/2009 The question of the day is Climate change z Is there a climate change? z Yes is the consensus z Is it caused by man, emitting Greenhouse gases, most of them coming from the use of fossil fuels? Yes is the most common answer (UN, Al Gore . ...?) z The focus is then on z energy consumption z Life stile in ‘West’ z Standard of living in ‘East’ z energy sources z Fossil fuels contra renewable and nuclear
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Power Generation 4 © Siemens Power Generation 2003. All Rights Reserved 26/02/2009 The CO 2 balance Cold sea water Warm sea water Klorofyll cykeln Water vegetation and plancton Is it all depending on the sun?? CO 2 O 2 CO 2 Geen house gases (CO 2 ,freon, methan, NOx, ozone, particles, H 2 O) CO 2 CO2, NOx, H2O, ozone CH 4
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Power Generation 5 © Siemens Power Generation 2003. All Rights Reserved 26/02/2009 ± It is still difficult to differentiate between natural and man made causes for the climate change, but. .. ± We are all influenced by the global temperature rise. The community is becoming more vulnerable to weather situations with more storms, heavy rains and floods, droughts. .. ± The true knowledge is not there, but adaptation is necessary ± The key words are; be prepared by better margins and high flexibility ± And it is never wrong to save the resources of the earth!! Typical conclusions
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Power Generation 6 © Siemens Power Generation 2003. All Rights Reserved 26/02/2009 Sustainable energy supply ? z Sustainable has different meanings depending on who is talking z Some says that sustainable means renewable z The major energy companies says that sustainable means z Secure supply of the energy needed z with the least environmental impact CO 2 Renewable Clean coal
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Power Generation 7 © Siemens Power Generation 2003. All Rights Reserved 26/02/2009 Energy consumption BNP Energy consumption Western Europe, USA 1.3% per annum India, China etc 6 - 10% per annum The energy consumption is proportional to the BNP, but In the western world the rate of increase is lower than in the developing countries
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Power Generation 8 © Siemens Power Generation 2003. All Rights Reserved 26/02/2009 2003 38 Quads 2025 53 Quads Oil 3% Coal 54% Natural Gas 13% Nuclear 20% Renewables 9% Coal 53% Nuclear 16% Natural Gas 18% ± Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Annual Energy Outlook (2005) – Table A-2
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The role of turbo machinery 2009 - The role of turbo...

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