Study Guide Exam One - Reading Burns chapters 1 3 14 17...

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Reading : Burns, chapters 1 –3, 14 - 17 Annual Editions , 1 – 4, 9, 10, 25- 27 1. What is democracy? Is the America of today democratic? Are citizens sufficiently involved in public life? -Democracy-Governed by the people for the people. -Today it is a Republic-People elect their representatives who retain authority. -Free Elections 2. What is the influence of John Locke on American conceptions of government? Which of his ideas are apparent in the Declaration of Independence? -He rejected the idea that kinds had a divine right to rule, advocated constitutional democracy -Provided philosophic justification for rebellion. 3. How did Madison’s view of human nature affect his theory of government? How is his theory reflected in the Constitutional structure of the United States government? -Favored Strong national government, Federalist, -Bi-cameral legislature 4. What are some of the interacting values associated with a democratic system? -Personal Liberty-Self-Determination -Respect for Individual-Unalienable rights -Equality of Opportunity-equality -Popular Consent- Gov’t derives from consent of its people -Democratic Values in Conflict-Conflicts in democracy between individual goals vs. Public good. 5. What are some of the interrelated political processes associated with a democratic system? -Free and Fair Elections -Majority and Plurality Rule-Majority of the votes, or Most Votes -Freedom of Expression -Right to Assemble and Protest 6. What is Constitutional Democracy? What conditions are conducive to its development and maintenance? What is Constitutionalism ? -Constitutional Democracy-A Gov’t in which there are recognized, enforced limits on the powers of all governmental officials. -Educational Conditions-voters must be educated -Economic Conditions-Wealthier conditions are more desirable, not enough food means care more about food than voting -Social Conditions-Society must not be warring groups -Ideological Conditions-Beliefs on gov’t -Constitutionalism-Checks and balances, federalism, separation of powers, rule of law, due process, a bill of rights, that require our leaders to listen, think, bargain, and explain before they make laws. We hold them accountable. 7. What are some of the most significant flaws of the Constitution? How might they be corrected? -Old, Short, Amending process. -Making amendments 8. Why was the Constitutional Convention called? What were some major areas of conflict at the Convention? How were they resolved? -to devise a constitution -VA plan vs NJ plan and North-South -VA-Strong central, bicameral legislature -NJ-Central Gov’t with single house legislature which each state would be represented equally -Connecticut compromise- Bicameral legislature with an upper and lower house. -3/5 Compromise-3/5 of slaves will be counted towards taxation and representation 9. Compare and contrast the basic views of Federalists and Anti-Federalists over ratification of the Constitution.
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