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Unformatted text preview: 4-10-08 FSEX AND GENDERSex: the biological identity of being male or femaleGender: personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being male or female•Gender is socially constructed•Margaret Mead’s research – the Arapesh, the Mundugumor and the TchmbuliSTRATIFICATIONGender Stratification: the unequal distribution of wealth, power and privilege between men and womenGender Hierarchy: men and women occupy different positions in society in terms of dispersion of resourcesGender is more equal in societies where (Chafetz 1984)•Women’s work is central to the economy•Women have access to education•Ideological or religious support for gender; Inequality is not strong•Men make contributions to household responsibilities such as homework and child careWOMEN’S MINORITY STATUSMinority: any category of people distinguished by physical or cultural difference that a society sets apart and subordinatesDoes not have to be a numerical minorityWomen are at an economic disadvantageWomen are represented at all class levels but they generally depend on men for social standingSEXISM AND PATRIARCHYPatriarchy: a form of social organization in which males dominate femalesMatriarchy: a form of social organization in which females dominate males...
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- Spring '07
- Gender Gender, women Gender Hierarchy, STRATIFICATION Gender Stratification