Foundations What is Public Policy Spring 2009

Foundations What is Public Policy Spring 2009 -...

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FOUNDATIONS:   What is Public Policy?   January 15, 2009
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Outline:  What is Public Policy? Elements of Public Policy  Discussions Elements of Public Policy  Definitions Definitions of Public Policy Government’s Role in  Public Policy Instruments of Public Policy Ideology, Values and Public  Policy Enduring and Emergent  Dimensions of Public Policy Institutions and Public  Policy
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Elements of Public Policy Discussions a.        Public policy should distinguish between what governments intend to  do and what in fact they actually do (governmental inactivity is as  important as governmental activity) b.       Public policy ideally involves all levels of government and is not  necessarily restricted to formal actors—informal actors are also extremely  important   c.       Public policy is persuasive and is not solely limited to legislation,  executive orders, rules, and regulations  d.       Public policy is an intentional course of action with an accomplished  end goal as its objective e.       Public policy is both long term and short term
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Elements of Public Policy Definitions a.       Governmental authority—under the direct development and  influence of government; legitimacy b.      Develop through action or inaction—do something or prevent  something c.       Carry purposes and intentions—based on values, opinions,  prejudices, biases; policy is culturally driven d.      Have outcomes or effects on people and society—affect the lives of  individuals in direct, personal, and continuous ways e.       Are problem oriented—a governmental response to a perceived need  or public demand
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Public Policy Definitions Dye :  What governments choose to do or not to do Lasswell :  Who gets what, when, and how Rushefsky:  Government policies are courses of action made  up of a series of decisions, discrete choices (including the  choice not to act), over a period of time
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Foundations What is Public Policy Spring 2009 -...

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