VOCABULARY TEST 3 - CHAPTER 8 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION...

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CHAPTER 8 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Horizontal social mobility : changing jobs at the same class level Social Stratification : a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy Social Mobility : a change in position within the social hierarchy Caste System : social stratification based on ascription, or birth Class System : social stratification based on both birth and individual assessment Meritocracy : social stratification based on personal merit Status Consistency : the degree of consistency in a person’s social standing across various dimensions of social inequality Structural Social Mobility : a shift in the social position of large numbers due more to changes in society than to individual efforts Ideology : cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including patterns of inequality Davis-Moore Thesis : the assertion that social stratification exists in every society because it has beneficial consequences for the operation of society Capitalists : people who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profits Proletarians : working people who sell their labor for wages Alienation : the experience of isolation and misery resulting from powerlessness Blue-collar occupations : lower prestige jobs that involve mostly manual labor White-collar occupations ; higher prestige jobs that involve mostly mental activity Socioeconomic status (SES) : a composite ranking based on varies dimensions of social inequality Conspicuous Consumption : buying and using products with an eye to the ‘statement’ they make about social position Income : earnings from work of investments Wealth : the total value of money and other assets minus outstanding debts Intragenerational Social Mobility
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course SOCI 201 taught by Professor Perez during the Spring '07 term at University of Delaware.

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VOCABULARY TEST 3 - CHAPTER 8 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION...

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