Implementation and Evaluation Spring 2009

Implementation and Evaluation Spring 2009 - Implementation...

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1 Implementation and Evaluation
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2 Policy Implementation Ingram —carrying out a prior decision; after policy adoption and before routinization of operations, activities, and tasks that are governed by the policy Fesler and Kettl —the execution of laws; focuses on the interaction between the setting of goals and the actions geared to achieving them; concentration on programs and the results they produce
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3 Policy Implementation Jones —implementation is that set of activities directed toward putting a program into affect: 1) organization—establishing or rearranging resources, units, and methods for putting a program into effect 2) interpretation—translation of program language into acceptable and feasible plans and directives; 3) application—routine provision of services, payments, or agreed upon program objectives or instruments
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4 Sabatier and Mazmanian Tractability: some problems are much easier to deal with than others; clear understanding of the changes necessary a. Technical difficulty: valid theory and technology b. Diversity of proscribed behavior c. Target group as a percentage of the population d. Behavioral change required (extent)
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5 Policy Implementation Statutory: statute constitutes the fundamental policy decision being implemented; has the capacity to structure the entire implementation process a. Precision and clear ranking of legal objectives b. Validity of causal theory c. Initial allocation of financial resources d. Hierarchical integration within and among implementing institutions e. Formal decision rules of implementing organizations f. Officials committed to statutory variables
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6 Policy Implementation Nonstatutory: inherent dyamism driven by: the need for any program that seeks to change behavior and receive political support; and changes in socioeconomic and technological conditions a. Socioeconomic conditions and technology b. Public support c. Attitudes and resources of constituency groups d. Support from sovereigns e. Commitment and leadership skills of implementing officials
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7 Policy Evaluation Evaluation is concerned with learning about the consequences of public policy; it means evaluating alternative public policies as contrasted with describing them or explaining why they exist 2 distinctive tasks in policy evaluation 1) to describe what the consequences of a policy are by describing its impact and 2) to judge the success or failure of a policy according to a set of standards or value criteria
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Policy Evaluation o Appraisal of the real impact of public policy. o
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2009 for the course PPD 225 taught by Professor Lewis during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Implementation and Evaluation Spring 2009 - Implementation...

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