SOCIOLOGY NOTES - Sociology February 22 F Covert v. Overt...

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Sociology February 22 F Covert v. Overt Hawthorn effect : People change their behavior Time Ethics and feasibility Overt => getting rid of Hawthorn effect Is it ethical to change who you are for your research ? Think about the spouse abuse example: How might one study this topic using participant observation? Volunteer at a shelter, working where counseling is provided for offenders/ victims. Invest time in being in public and observing surroundings Transcripts of 911 calls Chat rooms relating to spousal abuse victims Document Material Spousal abuse example: How might one study this topic using document material methods? Police reports Experiments Spousal abuse example: How might one study this topic using experiments ? Treatment in which you change the independent variable; see if the dependent variable will change Focus Groups Spousal abuse example: How might one study this topic using focus groups ? If studying process, might have a victim, 2 different kinds (one that went back to abuser, one that didn’t), police officer…NO offender in group Triangulation Multiple sources, methods, or data to ensure information is accurate
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March 5, 2008 W Culture Culture - The totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material objects, and behavior - Includes assumptions reflecting basic values, beliefs and customs - Transmitted from one generation to the next - simplifies our day to day interactions Material Culture -The physical or technological aspects of our daily lives - Nonmaterial Culture : Ideas or ways of using material objects, as well as customs, beliefs, philosophies, governments, and patterns of communication - Culture Shock : the feeling of surprise and disorientation that people experience when they witness cultural practices that are different from their own - Ethnocentrism : the tendency to assume that one’s own culture and way of life represents the norm or are superior to all others - Cultural Relativism : the viewing of people’s behavior from the perspective of their own culture - Xenocentrism : (opposite of ethnocentrism )the belief that the products, styles, or ideas, of one’s society are inferior to those that originates elsewhere. - Norms : Established standards of behavior (quiet in movie theatre, respect your elders, drive on right side of the road) - Formal norm : A norm that has been written down and that specifies strict punishments for violators (laws, college regulations) - Informal norm : A norm that is generally understood but not precisely
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course SOCI 201 taught by Professor Perez during the Spring '07 term at University of Delaware.

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SOCIOLOGY NOTES - Sociology February 22 F Covert v. Overt...

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