22 - Dionysus/Bacchus/Liber (free) Etymology Zeus of Nysus-...

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Dionysus/Bacchus/Liber (“free”) Etymology “Zeus of Nysus”- place, later person “Twice-born”- both versions of the myth God of wine Also has other things attached to it- Viniculture and plant fertility Another god who seems to help plants grow (sychretism?) Loss of rationality- weird because have Apollo who is rational and Dionysus who isn’t Iconography Drinking paraphernalia, wine- big cups- not shape that we recognize today Vines, ivy, or wreaths thereof- thyrsus (pinecone staff) Leopard skin, panthers/dolphins Generally described as young, but has full beard in Greek interpretations Disreputable associates- seders, bochins… Sometimes horns, symbols, drums Fat sometimes (Michelangelo sculpture) *Be able to differentiate vines from Apollo’s laurel “Twice-Born” 1 Dionysus=child of Zeus and Semele Incinerates Semele, but as an embryo is somehow saved Dion able to be a god because not born in typical mortal way Able to continue growing and leaps out of Zeus’ thigh Still representation of vegetable fertility Raised by nymphs on Mt. Nysa Dionysus Zagreus (“Twice-Born” 2) Zeus and Persephone producing Zagreus- some sort of deity- ripped apart by titans Semele ingests ashes of his remains (Hyg. 167)
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22 - Dionysus/Bacchus/Liber (free) Etymology Zeus of Nysus-...

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