22 - Hero Pattern Smaller Elements 10 functions(combination...

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Hero Pattern- Smaller Elements 10 functions (combination of theorists) Orphaned son of royalty, reared away from home, call to quest Supernatural aids, victory over dragon/monster/death, marries princess Returns home, driven from throne, dies unglamorously, children don’t succeed Hero vs. Initiation pattern 1. Separation- hero sets forth, voluntarily or not 2. Quest/Initiation- hero proving oneself Shows he’s grown up 3. Return- Takes the throne This is only one way to look at heroes Some examples: Achilles Son of goddess, reared from home, called to quest involuntarily, supernatural help, return- doesn’t explain every function, but definitely similarity Odysseus Great-grandson of Hermes, called to quest… Ballerephon and Perseus- Pegasus associated with both Balleraphon- tames Pegasus, but does not release it He’s the one riding Pegasus Doesn’t return home, but gets a throne Perseus- chasing the Gorgon- winged sandals, pouch When he kills Medusa, releases Pegasus from bloody stump of her head Hercules/Herakles/Heracles- In a lot of ways the classic Greek Hero Hera-Kleos: famous because of Hera (Zeus cheated on her), Kleos=glory Superhuman, semi-divine Parents=Zeus and Alcmene Foster father=Amphitrruo- Zeus takes shape of him, to trick Alcmene She is pregnant by both of them- she has double birth- hard to imagine biologically, so brother=Iphicles Amphitruo wanted to find out parentage, so first manifestation of jealousy Hear a wild scream, find Heracles playing with snakes- this is how parentage established Iconography: Enormous, burly guy Lion skin with head as helmet Ideal physique is similar to Apollo, but this is over-the-top Something more than is humanly achievable Life in Thebes He starts in Thebes but becomes very strongly associated with Pelephanese Education- many tutors, learned lots of things
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