29 - 10/29 Heroins one example of how problematic universal...

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10/29 Heroins- one example of how problematic universal interpretations can be Different ways of identifying heroes- what makes a hero- not overlapping with modern definition of good behavior Examples: Perseus (1234567) Jason (…refer to OAK) Theseus Van Gennep, Propp, Campbell- all attempted to theorize, create universality Problem: they’re all white male westerners- so not everything they say is actually universal- they focus on what they know- male, elite Not their fault, just human nature Example: the 300- the Persians and Spartans, certain groups of people who certainly existed Frank Miller- considered it universal in his own mind What came out is historically inaccurate- Spartans also practiced homosexuality Whether it be a myth or historical event, must look for bias In mythology, people can still bias their focus Solutions: What do we do? Careful reading of the text- many people leave out interesting things Canonical Texts- Homer is a canonical text, but to look for heroins must look outside the text Revisionist Scholarship- not trying to hide what they’re doing Martin Bernal’s Black Athena - arguing that Greeks were racist, anti-semitic Basically trying to make no secret of its bias Creative Retelling of Myth Ovid- Heroides - retelling O’ Brother, retelling the story as the epic, even though it’s an offshoot So can choose anything, race or gender, but choosing gender Women Heroes - can we find any heroines using the hero pattern? Atalanta- Don’t have much info about her Daughter of royalty, princess (1) Raised away from home by wild animals (2) Quest she goes on- in order to kill Calydonian Boar (3) She is very beautiful and athletic- Suitors therefore want to marry her Father lets her run races with her to get out of this
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