André_Derain_Final

André_Derain_Final - Encyclopedia Entry Andr Derain...

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Encyclopedia Entry: André Derain DeAnna D’Attilio & Jared Hartzman November, 2008
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André Derain (June 17, 1880-July 14, 1964) was a French artist, most accredited for being the founder of Fauvism. He entered the art scene as a young man infused with passion and obsessed with color yet he left as an introverted figure withdrawn from society (Monod-Fontaine 12). Self portrait Derain was born in Chatou, France to two well off dairy owners, Louis Charlemagne Derain and Clémentine Angélique (Monod-Fontaine 241). He married his wife Alice Derain on July 10 th , 1926 and separated from her in 1953 after a marriage of poor communication (Lucie- Smith). He is often remembered merely for his three short years as a participant in Fauvism, despite his activity in producing art for the sixty following years. Furthermore, his long artistic history and accomplishments are often cruelly forgotten as a result of his misunderstood position in Nazi propaganda during World War II. Derain was from a well off family that was able to put him through many years of schooling. He began his education at Sainte-Croix in Vésinet, and later transferred to Collége Chaptal in 1884 where he won several prizes for drawing (Monod-Fontaine 241). He later
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enrolled in École Polytechnique for a short period of time, followed by the Académie Camillo in 1898-1899 to study under Eugène Carrière (Monod-Fontaine 13,54, 241). Derain was privileged to paint landscapes under a friend of Cézanne’s, Jacomin in 1895. During this time he learned a great deal about art through studying many artists at the Louvre, the National Gallery in London and the British Museum’s ethnographic collection (Monod-Fontaine 13-14). In 1899 Derain met Henri Matisse at the Académie Camillo, and Vlaminck the following year on a train ride to Paris from Chatou (Monod-Fontaine 15-17). In 1901 Derain introduced the two to one another at a Van Gogh exhibition. The three kept in touch, and in July of 1905 Matisse asked Derain to work with him in Collioure. The relationship that formed between Matisse and Derain was truly beneficial to Derain’s career. During his stay he produced 30 canvases, 20 drawings, fifty sketches, and a portrait of Matisse (Monod-Fontaine 17). Though Derain found that he did not appreciate any of his work during this time claiming, “[t]his colour has really fucked my head. I have let myself go for colour for colour’s sake. I have lost my old qualities…,” the work produced at this time became a turning point in the young artist’s career.
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