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final paper - Jared Hartzman Cecily Swanson Literary...

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Jared Hartzman 12/11/08 Cecily Swanson Literary Collaboration The Many Artistic Transitions of André Derain André Derain was a French artist, most accredited for being the founder of Fauvism. This, however, was not the only style of art Derain took part in. His styles ranged from Fauvism to Cubism to gothic and then finally to a renewed classicism. The many artistic movements Derain was involved in were influenced by his upbringing, the artists he surrounded himself with, and events such as the two World Wars. In the beginning he entered the art scene as a young man infused with passion and obsessed with color, but in the end he left as an introverted figure withdrawn from society (Monod-Fontaine 12). His artwork seems to exemplify what was happening throughout his life, and the many styles used seemed to fit the events of the period. Derain was born in Chatou, France to two well off dairy owners, Louis Charlemagne Derain and Clémentine Angélique (Monod-Fontaine 241). They were able to put him through many years of schooling. After beginning his education at Sainte-Croix in Vésinet, he transferred to Collége Chaptal in 1884 where he won several prizes for drawing (Monod-Fontaine 241). He later enrolled in École Polytechnique for a short period of time, followed by the Académie Camillo in 1898-1899 to study under Eugène Carrière (Monod-Fontaine 13,54, 241). Derain began to paint landscapes under a friend of Cézanne’s, named Jacomin, in 1895. During this period of his life, Derain acquired a great deal of artistic knowledge through studying many artists at the Louvre in Paris, the National Gallery in London, and the British Museum’s ethnographic collection (Monad-Fontaine 13-14). This would all later influence his work.
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Several years later, Derain became acquainted with Henri Matisse at the Académie Camillo and Vlaminck on a train ride to Paris from Chatou. These two artists, along with Derain became the leaders of the Fauvist movement. This was made possible after Derain introduced the two to one another in 1901 at a Van Gogh exhibition. They all seemed to greatly influence one another and in 1905 Matisse asked Derain to work with him in Collioure. This greatly impacted Derain’s early career, which can be seen when looking back at the artwork which came out of this. During his stay in Collioure with Matisse, Derain produced thirty canvases, twenty drawings, fifty sketches, and a portrait of Matisse. At first Derain seemed not to appreciate his own work saying, “[t]his colour has really fucked my head. I have let myself go for colour for colour’s sake. I have lost my old qualities…” (Encyclopedia Entry: André Derain, pg 3). This shift to paintings which expressed emotion with wild, often dissonant colors, without regard for the subject's natural colors led to the movement Derain is best known for. When their work from Collioure was displayed at the Salon d’Automne, Derain and Matisse found themselves the fathers of the Fauvism movement. At first
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