science and technology study guide 1

science and technology study guide 1 - Interpretive...

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Interpretive flexibility: when experimental results could be interpreted differently. E.X. With the polygraph, Tester makes the final call on whether or not they believe the subject to be lying. Framing: a collection of stereotypes , that individuals rely on to understand and respond to events. E.X. DNA testing, testing certain groups or races of people based on a criminal description. Daubert/Frye Criteria In Daubert , the Supreme Court held that federal trial judges are the “gatekeepers” of scientific evidence. Under the Daubert standard, therefore, trial judges must evaluate proffered expert witnesses to determine whether their testimony is both “ relevant ” and “reliable”, a two-pronged test of admissibility. 1. The relevancy prong: The relevancy of a testimony refers to whether or not the expert’s evidence “fits” the facts of the case. For example, you may invite an astronomer to tell the jury if it had been a full moon on the night of a crime. However, the astronomer
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