Lecture 2-23-09 - S&Ts 2011 Lecture Tacit Knowledge Science...

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S&T’s 2011 Lecture: 2/23/09 Tacit Knowledge Science involves skill. The skills used in science are like the skills found in crafts: o e.g. pottery, carpentry and cooking These sorts of skills are learnt: o on the job o with a lengthy apprenticeship o learning by doing We are often aware of skills when we lack them: o Such as, children trying to do things for the first time, o e.g. tying a shoe lace o e.g. such as, an adult trying to carry out a skilled practice for the first time, putting on a surgical glove TACIT KNOWLEDGE is knowledge which is passed from person to person without being articulated. o riding a bike o cooking a soufflé o building a laser o cutting through skin in surgery Tacit knowledge resides in people and cannot be formalized Its transmission depends upon being in direct contact with competent practitioners of the skill Learning such skills from books or other written means is never enough
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