Lecture 2-25-09 - Lecture Whats So Special About Science...

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Lecture 2/25/09 What’s So Special About Science? Merton: Science is a special community with a special set of norms. Robert King Merton: 1910-2003 Popper : Science has a special method which separates science from other activities Merton’s Achievements The Merton Thesis Structural Functionalism The Focus Group: Group of people to get together to discuss public’s reactions to certain things. Founded the Sociology of Science Merton’s Definition of Science Science is used to denote a series of characteristic methods by means of which knowledge is certified; a stock of accumulated knowledge stemming from the application of these methods; a set of cultural values or norms governing the activities termed scientific. Norms are institutional imperatives , which are shared by members of a particular community. A norm is institutionalized when it is linked to the distribution of rewards Conformity to a given set of institutional norms is maintained within a community, because it is regularly rewarded and because non-conformity is sanctioned . Honesty is a norm which is better institutionalized in American society than the norm of cheerfulness CUDOS Communism or Communalism :
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