Lecture - Lecture Whats So Special About Science Merton Science is a special community with a special set of norms Robert King Merton 1910-2003

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 2/25/09 What’s So Special About Science? Merton: Science is a special community with a special set of norms. Robert King Merton: 1910-2003 Popper : Science has a special method which separates science from other activities Merton’s Achievements The Merton Thesis Structural Functionalism The Focus Group: Group of people to get together to discuss public’s reactions to certain things. Founded the Sociology of Science Merton’s Definition of Science Science is used to denote a series of characteristic methods by means of which knowledge is certified; a stock of accumulated knowledge stemming from the application of these methods; a set of cultural values or norms governing the activities termed scientific. Norms are institutional imperatives , which are shared by members of a particular community. A norm is institutionalized when it is linked to the distribution of rewards Conformity to a given set of institutional norms is maintained within a community, because it is regularly rewarded and because non-conformity is sanctioned . Honesty is a norm which is better institutionalized in American society than the norm of cheerfulness CUDOS Communism or Communalism : Full and open disclosure of scientific results
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/11/2009 for the course -2 2610 taught by Professor Mikels,j. during the Fall '09 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Page1 / 4

Lecture - Lecture Whats So Special About Science Merton Science is a special community with a special set of norms Robert King Merton 1910-2003

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online