Jew Study guide - Terms Canon collection of texts HB as a...

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Terms Canon- collection of texts HB as a canon for jewish civilization b/c it tells you what is sacred based on what you believe and who you are. Need to subscribe(know) that episode to communicate/understand Pittsburgh Platform - - 1885 American reform movement setting up a platform to Americanize ideas of European reformers. - Universalistic Judaism - Historical religion-not static- adapt - Accepting moral/ethics more than dietary laws - Darwinism applied to Bible
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Sectarianism - - different groups of Jews who fight about who is in charge of Temple - Dead Sea Scrolls, Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, early Christians Volunteerism - - you are a Jew b/c you are and no other government (Muhammad) can control you within the U.S. Zionism: - an international political movement that originally supported the reestablishment of a homeland for the Jewish People in Palestine (Hebrew: Eretz Yisra'el, “the Land of Israel”), and continues primarily as support for the modern state of Israel.[1] Tanakh: - The Bible used in Judaism. The Tanakh's three traditional subdivisions: Torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvim. According to Jewish tradition, the Tanakh consists of twenty-four books.
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Torah/Pentateuch: The Five Books of Moses. 1. Genesis [ תישארב / Breishit] 2. Exodus [ תומש / Shmot] 3. Leviticus [ ארקיו / Vayikra] 4. Numbers [ רבדמב / Bamidbar] 5. Deuteronomy [ םירבד / D'varim] The Exile: The Chaldeans deported the Jews after they had conquered Jerusalem in 597 BC. The deportations were large, but certainly didn't involve the entire nation. Somewhere around 10,000 people were forced to relocate to the city of Babylon, the capital of the Chaldean empire. In 586 BC, Judah itself ceased to be an independent kingdom, and the earlier deportees found themselves without a homeland, without a state, and without a nation. This period, which actually begins in 597 but is traditionally dated at 586, is called the Exile in Jewish history; it ends with an accident in 538 when the Persians overthrow the Chaldeans.
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Hellenism: Complex of linguistic, political, and cultural features that marked the Near East. Jews living in Judea and the surrounding regions began being influenced by Hellenism in the 4th century BC, after being conquered by Alexander. 1. Reasonableness (to the human mind) was the ultimate test of the truth or falsehood of something, including, eventually, mythology and religious belief. 2. On the "popular" level, the gods of the Greek and Roman pantheons were still worshipped- along with the local gods of the various regions of the empire. 3. But the cultured Greek and Roman elites saw religion more as a way of inspiring and testing loyalty among the masses. To this well-educated minority, the only divinity believed to exist was an abstract and disinterested one- not directly involved in life in this world.
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