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afam all notes - Mecca Pilgrimage(1324 Left from Mali...

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Mecca Pilgrimage (1324) Left from Mali Organized 60,000 people procession Gold, silk, etc. Large empire in Africa of wealth and civilization Human species began Coming to America Native Americans discovered America South America and Africa were once connected; closer than any others Olmec Civilization o Ancient Mexico o Vast stoneheads have African features showing African had been in the Americans prior to Columbus Columbus “last discoverer” of Americas which altered Europe to America’s existence o Africans were on the ship with Columbus and were among the North American and South American explorers Balboa – crossed the Panama in 1513 o Many people of African heritage were with him when he “discovered the Pacific Ocean” Cortes (1519-1522) – Spanish conquest of Mexico who had Africans with him Estevanico “Stephen” – greatest African explorer although there is little known about him o Estaban, Little Stephen, Steve o 1527- A large expedition set sail from Cuba with bad luck; they get to Galveston Island in Texas with 16 people; their ship wrecks leaving them with 4 people; Stephen and his master were 2 of the people; the first nonnative people in Texas; he acts as the medicine man and lives among the native people o 1536 – They reach Mexico City and are told tales of the rich cities of gold; Estaban is sent by his master to look for them o 1539- he goes through modern day New Mexico into a native city where he is killed Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade 1502 – On the island of Hispanola it began however most occurred later around 1550-1850; most came from West Africa Largest forced migration in world history of 11 million-15 million people 5 percent actually came to the US—others went to Brazil, Caribbean Island, etc. In 1830s, 1/3 of the US population was black In America, they enjoyed family life which made the black population increase Farther south, there was no family life and they were worked to death Exploiting Slave System Indigenous people often were enslaved Moved around; the disease was 1 in 100 lived due to no resistance to European and African disease Labor force was replaced Village state—daily life—enemy ethnic groups set fire to village and kills people—young, healthy, strong are worked to death and marched forever—sickness and new disease environments—bizarre ship drivers—bought by Europeans—enslaved sent on ships—1/3 of people die Cultural Carryovers Middle Passage – terrible experience yet African culture survives Language links to Africa o Gullah language—found in South Carolina sea area o Scholar studied it in great detail o Lorenzo Turner in 1940 o 1949 he wrote Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect o The language is a combination of English and 21 different African languages o Has since been deluded with more settling of the area o Forced out of South Carolina area Cultural Carryovers Continued Proverbs and saying are important in the salve community Naming patterns
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