Phil Final Study Guide - PHIL 102 Final Study Guide Monday May 11th 1-3 P.M in our classroom Bring a F-288 or F-289 scantron(Red Scantron Bring a Pencil

Phil Final Study Guide - PHIL 102 Final Study Guide Monday...

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PHIL 102 - Final Study Guide Monday, May 11th 1-3 P.M. in our classroom Bring a F-288 or F-289 scantron (Red Scantron) Bring a Pencil 80 ?’s with 20 T/F and other 60?’s Matching and Multiple Choice Is it cumulative? No; Just 2nd half stuff, but maybe some basic ideas have been conflated throughout both halves. This all the keywords I have, I may be missing a few Also make sure to review ALL philosophers and their general beliefs/ideas :) Found a pdf file of the book if not everyone has one: Anybody know what chapters from Engaging Philosophy are covered? I’m pretty sure just the ones from the most recent assignment. I’m not sure what chapters, but they are on the syllabus. I added a few more things at the bottom that are from Engaging Phil. All Lecture Slides Keywords : Rationalism – reason rather than experience is the foundation of certainty in knowledge. *Descartes is a rationalist* Substance – what can exist on its own and function on its own without other things (something most likely natural). -substantial: (actual) form arrangement, organization, makes thing be that thing -prime matter: (potency) material, physical stuff, no qualities form actualizes the potential matter to become the substance (using this Aristotle believes he answered the question “what came first: the chicken or the egg?” and believes it’s the chicken.) Dualism – metaphysical position that there are only 2 types of basic things (substances) (What are the two things, substantial and prime?) Substance- what can exist on its own and function on its own without other things (human)
NOT Substance- Chair, hand, blue. This is because they cannot exist or function without something else. Blue needs eyes to experience it. A hand needs a body to work. A chair does not exist on its own, must be made. Mind-body problem – how can the mind and body interact if one is physical and the other isn’t (you can’t touch a mind) Bodies are divisible. Minds are not divisible. Therefore, bodies are not minds. They are commingled. Cartesianism - Dualist. perfect God. minds are separate from bodies. minds are free. bodies operate by physical laws. (Aristotle’s view is that we are one thing; matter and form is one thing) Aristotle – knowledge of what changes, particulars to universals, our ideas reflect real sensuous world Plato - knowledge of only unchanging, universal to particulars, sensuous world reflects real ideals Matter/Form = body/soul Teleology – metaphysical stance that everything has a purpose or goal. (Aristotle) Hylomorphism – life is the combination of the soul that informs/gives shape to the matter/body *Aristotle Soul 3 categories: *Mineral: no soul* 1. Vegetables (vegetative): relate body to corporeal functions -nutrition(augmentation) & reproduction 2. Animal (sensitive): inner & outer/ senses (love, hate, judgement, imagination, and memory) & locomotion
3. Human (rational): all incorporeal, reason(rationality, intellect) & will *for Aristotle, the soul & body decompose together because without a soul, the body

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