1.21 - 1.21.2009 Political Science 104 Can we regulate...

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1.21.2009 Political Science 104 Can we regulate political advertising without restricting protected speech? 1. Free speech and campaign finance 2. History of campaign finance law a. Federal Election Campaign Act (1971) i. Came during the time of Watergate scandal. Did several things: first, regulated how much you could contribute to a campaign or party; also, limited the amount that campaigns and parties could spend; created penalties, if violated these regulations; donors, parties and candidates required to report contributions and expenditures to: 1. Federal Election Commission (1974) b. Buckley v. Valeo 1976 i. Spending limits unconstitutional. There is a line between spending limits and contribution limits. Only limit contributions to organizations explicitly engaged in electioneering (activities that are explicitly designed to influence an election) 1. TV ads are considered election communications if they engage in “express advocacy” by using MAGIC WORDS a. If “vote for, vote against” or anything similar synonym,
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1.21 - 1.21.2009 Political Science 104 Can we regulate...

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