Exam 1 NoteCard

Exam 1 NoteCard - Halogenation: CnH2n+2 + Cl2 (or Br2)...

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Group Priority Group Name SubGroup Name Acid/Ester/Amide oic acid/oate/amide Aldehyde anal oxy Ketone one oxy Alcohol/Ether/Amine ol/(special)/amine hydroxyl/[alk]oxy/amino Alkynes yne Alkenes ene Alkanes/Halogens ane (ethanoate = acetate) Addition Reaction: H 2 C=CH 2 + (H 2 , Cl 2 , Br 2 ) → CH 2 ClCH 2 Cl Markovnikov: Most H will get H Substitution Reaction: CH 3 CH 3 + Cl 2 →(hυ)→ CH 3 CH 2 Cl + HCl Light (hυ) is a major clue Addition Polymerization: n H 2 C=CH 2 → -(-H 2 C-CH 2 -)- n Condensation (Ester): (Opposite = Hydrolysis) RCOOH + R OH →← RCOOR + H 2 O (boil H 2 O, excess reactant, different rnx) RCOCl + R OH → RCOOR + HCl (Acyl Halide) RCOOCR + R ’’ → RCOOR ’’ + R COOH (acid anhydride) Condensation (Amide): (Opposite = Hydrolysis) RCOOH + NH 3 RCONH 2 Resonance between =O and =N to C atom Hydrolysis of glycerol → fat H 2 C-OH H 3 COOR H 2 C-OOCR HC-OH + H 3 COOR HC-OOCR + 3 H 2 O H 2 C-OH H 3 COOR ’’ H
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CHEM 104 taught by Professor Tomasik during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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