Government and Community - Government and Community I The...

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Government and Community I. The nature of institution: Do they matter? II. Nature of representation -trustee vs. delegate -selection: implications III. US Congress -committees -leadership -influences on members of Congress IV. How a bill becomes a law: the case of health care reform V. Multiple “windows of opportunity” to inflame outcomes I. The nature of institution: Do they matter? *US v. Britain -parliamentary system, leading who puts forth proposal is a member of the party, chosen to head party by members, not constituents, so they will support him -US gov elects president separate from Congress, so there isn’t that tie -in this case, institution matters; things pass through Parliament more quickly and easily -more work to get items through Congress (hello, stimulus bill) II. Nature of representation *single member district: one person wins all; one representative wins for whole district -you want there to be only two choices, as someone who runs, because you have fewer divides, not splitting the vote -example: difficulty of Israeli elections *trustee vs. delegate (Burke’s idea) -trustee – makes decisions on our behalf -delegate – reflects views of people -no one is completely one in Congress (mix of trustee and delegate) -Joe Biden! Trustee: allowed to do anything he wanted as chair of Senate Foreign Relations Committee; delegate: never voted against banks, was in favor of race relations
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