Feb 18 - Feb 18, 2008 Avoids errors in reasoning through...

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Feb 18, 2008 Avoids errors in reasoning through use of good research methods – I o Reduce likelihood of overgeneralization, when we conclude that what we have observed to be true for some cases is true for all cases o Ex. Study a wide range of school shootings rather than drawing conclusions from those that receive the most publicity o Avoid illogical reasoning, when we prematurely jump to conclusions or argue on the basis or invalid assumptions o Ex. Base conclusions on what you learn about school shootings, rather than on how you feel about the shooters or situations surrounding the shootings. o Try to stay detached or have an open mind All researchers have feelings about what they study; have to becareful to be unbiased Avoids errors in reasoning through use of good research methods – II o Reduce risk of selective or inaccurate observation o Try to make fair analysis; not support ideas we already had III o Lessen tendency to answer Qs about the social world from ego-based commitments, excessive devotion to tradition, and/or unquestioning respect for authority o Ex of ego-based commitment: school shooters are not mentally ill, but evil o Ex of excessive devotion to tradition; middle class kids aren’t prone to violence, so most school shooters are probably from poor families o Ex of unquestioning respect for authority; Newsweek says that school shootings happened frequently, all over the country
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2009 for the course SOCI 301 taught by Professor Kupchick during the Spring '09 term at University of Delaware.

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Feb 18 - Feb 18, 2008 Avoids errors in reasoning through...

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