Feb 20 - 3 key enlightenment era figures who affected...

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Feb 20, 2008 3 key enlightenment era figures who affected Quakers and penitentiary movement in US o John Howard o New ideas of prisons o Englishman – greatest prison reformer o Concerned with terrible conditions and non-reform in prisons o Visited all (hoped it was all) prisons in England and prepared a report to the king. o Said state of prisons is terrible; should treat men at least as well as we treat our animals o Cesare Beccaria o Italian – wrote one major book on crimes and punishments; published 1766. Talked about long history of violence in the world Much is state sponsored violence Most vicious regimes have the most severe punishments of those who offend the crown o Stressed key to change is understand punishment is complicated concept Must distinguish between certainty and severity of punishment o William Blackstone o English scholar; father of common law o Common law form most primitive times to modern 18 th century o
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