Feb 25 - o The reformatory Elmira reformatory o The Big...

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Feb 25, 2008 o The reformatory – Elmira reformatory o The “Big House” – western -> Hassine – chp 25 o Southern slave plantation farms -> Angola, LA; o Parchman Farm, Mississippi – fits into this category in 1974 Supreme court said it violated the 8 th amendment of cruel and unusual punishment hand-cuffed to post, denied water, made them mess themselves allows conjugal visiting – only 7 states have it at all idea to minimize prison rape and keep the family unit strong o These general kinds emerged after civil war o First national prison congress o Reformatory movement Being about 1876 – though some continued into later dates, it ended in 1931 Idea came from pioneering work from two phrenologists First in Australia Sir Alexander Machonochy (1840s) o Said prisons should be places of reward also o Began the mark system – like tokens given to inmates for good behavior, becoming skilled, etc… The more an inmate had the closer he got to release Sir Walter Crofton o
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