COMM 256 notes - COMM 256 Dr Mortenson-notes 11:27:00...

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COMM 256- Dr. Mortenson -notes- 27/09/2007 11:27:00 Freedom & Education      “Isn’t the true function of education to cultivate in you the intelligence which  will try to find the answers to life’s problems. Do you know what intelligence  is? It is the capacity, surely, to thing freely, without fear, without a formula, so  that you begin to discover for yourself what is real, what is true;   but if you are  frightened you will never be intelligent.” it is hard to think without a formula fear and inhibition interfere with intelligence The Problem of Freedom     “To be free is to be intelligent…intelligence comes into being only when you  begin to understand your whole environment…” We are Condemned to be Free     We are always free to make some kind of choice I may not choose my circumstances, but I always choose the attitude I take  toward them, the response I make in light of them. Freedom and Constraint     There is always tension between freedom & order o Order constricts freedom, yet order creates freedom. Freedom by virtue of constraint Redundant constraint-  when is an order concealing freedom? Success=independence & free time “Security sacrificed in the name of freedom tends to be other people’s  security; and freedom sacrificed in the name of society tends to be other  people’s freedom.”- Bauman Freedom is an achievement, and a condition of being human The only thing that makes communication possible is constraint; constraints  become habits.
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We develop a feel for things like culture and communication We play different roles with different people- new constraints on who we can  be. (ex: who we are with Grandma vs. friends) Aspects/facets of freedom o Autonomy: Freedom from others     o Agency: the will to choose     o Choice: a range of alternatives     o Exit: the ability to withdraw (boycott)     o Voice: making your will known     o Resources: means taken to actualize choice     The moment we want to be something we are no longer free ‘golden handcuffs’: too much $$ creates a struggle to be something Among the more educated, urban, upper class, Freedom is  ‘freedom to’ among a more rural, lower class, freedom is  ‘freedom from’ . Education = agency/will to go out and do something People don’t want their vision of the world to be challenged We are more concerned with the pursuit of commodity pleasure, than the  pursuit of freedom A First Look at Communication Theory Signals: universal & unchanging meaning
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