Philosophy 202 Exam 2 Quick Lecture Summary

Philosophy 202 Exam 2 Quick Lecture Summary - Euthanasia...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Euthanasia James Rachels: Active and Passive euthanasia (1975) (Current View): It is ok to let a patient die, but never kill a patient. Example: Patient with cancer, who would rather die, than live longer and suffer a terrible death. Example: babies with Down’s syndrome are withheld treatment to let them die from intestinal blockage. Active euthanasia would be preferable to passive euthanasia. The current doctrine leads to life and death decision being made on irrelevant grounds. Whether or not a baby has, an intestinal blockage should not affect whether the baby lives or dies (Rachels View): While most of the time killing is worse than letting die, however there are other differences in the case and not the mere fact of killing vs. letting die. Steinbock: The intentional Termination of life (1979) (Current AMA View): the American Medical position (AMA) does not rely on a moral distinction between killing and letting die. (Steinbock’s AMA View): The AMA rejects both killing and letting die. Example: If the patient refuses treatment or if treatment is futile then failure to treat is not intentionally letting die. Example: Down’s syndrome case; A quick painless death is not always preferable to a lingering one. Foot: Killing or letting die (1984)
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
(Current View): There is no moral difference between killing or letting die. (Foot’s View): It is sometimes permissible to allow certain harm to befall someone, although it would have been wrong to bring this harm on them. Passive euthanasia is permissible when there is no positive duty to provide aid, as one’s agency is not implicated. Active euthanasia is not permitted because it initiates a process that leads to death. Example: Boat Rescue, letting someone die, and killing someone to help others John Harris: The Survival lottery (1975) (Harris’s View): we should not favor the fortunate over the unfortunate in determining who lives or who dies. Objections: 1. It would undermine a sense of security -we have a comparable or greater risk every time we get in a car. 2. it involves killing as opposed to letting die -would refusing to comply with the lottery count as killing or letting die 3. It ignores the right to self-defense. -Prospect of life is increased for everyone with this scheme John Herdwig: Is there a duty to die? (1997) (Current View): there is a duty to die even before illiness would claim us, and even when we would prefer to live.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern