Philosophy 202 Exam 2 Quick Lecture Summary

Philosophy 202 Exam 2 Quick Lecture Summary - Euthanasia...

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Euthanasia James Rachels: Active and Passive euthanasia (1975) (Current View): It is ok to let a patient die, but never kill a patient. Example: Patient with cancer, who would rather die, than live longer and suffer a terrible death. Example: babies with Down’s syndrome are withheld treatment to let them die from intestinal blockage. Active euthanasia would be preferable to passive euthanasia. The current doctrine leads to life and death decision being made on irrelevant grounds. Whether or not a baby has, an intestinal blockage should not affect whether the baby lives or dies (Rachels View): While most of the time killing is worse than letting die, however there are other differences in the case and not the mere fact of killing vs. letting die. Steinbock: The intentional Termination of life (1979) (Current AMA View): the American Medical position (AMA) does not rely on a moral distinction between killing and letting die. (Steinbock’s AMA View): The AMA rejects both killing and letting die. Example: If the patient refuses treatment or if treatment is futile then failure to treat is not intentionally letting die. Example: Down’s syndrome case; A quick painless death is not always preferable to a lingering one. Foot: Killing or letting die (1984)
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(Current View): There is no moral difference between killing or letting die. (Foot’s View): It is sometimes permissible to allow certain harm to befall someone, although it would have been wrong to bring this harm on them. Passive euthanasia is permissible when there is no positive duty to provide aid, as one’s agency is not implicated. Active euthanasia is not permitted because it initiates a process that leads to death. Example: Boat Rescue, letting someone die, and killing someone to help others John Harris: The Survival lottery (1975) (Harris’s View): we should not favor the fortunate over the unfortunate in determining who lives or who dies. Objections: 1. It would undermine a sense of security -we have a comparable or greater risk every time we get in a car. 2. it involves killing as opposed to letting die -would refusing to comply with the lottery count as killing or letting die 3. It ignores the right to self-defense. -Prospect of life is increased for everyone with this scheme John Herdwig: Is there a duty to die? (1997) (Current View): there is a duty to die even before illiness would claim us, and even when we would prefer to live. Our medical technology allows to survive longer than we know what to
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Philosophy 202 Exam 2 Quick Lecture Summary - Euthanasia...

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