lecture3 - Circuit Elements Circuit element is a...

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1 Circuit Elements Circuit element is a mathematical model of a real device Active element : is capable of generating energy Examples: generators, batteries Passive element : absorbs (dissipates) energy Examples: resistors, capacitors, inductors Active Element The most important active elements are voltage and current sources Independent sources independent voltage source – independent current source Dependent sources dependent voltage source – dependent current source Active Element Independent voltage source provides a specified voltage (independent of the current through the element) v + V -
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