Scott Mettler - HST 106 india.china

Scott Mettler - HST 106 india.china - Scott Mettler HST 106...

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Scott Mettler HST 106 931 241 353 Take Home Exam All non-western countries have struggled for their own sovereignty; they had to choose a path in which to take to gain strength as a national. Obviously China and India took different paths toward independence. China, though physical violence and terrorism, gained their independence from western influence while India used their more unconventional non-violent movement to come the same result over the British Empire. India and China are both excellent and important examples of two different paths that a state can take to become an independent nation and fight against imperialism. Even with their success there continued to be internal problems within India and China. Whichever path a country selects the support of the working class is essential for nationwide change. While the rich may hold much power at an individual level, the working class and middle class hold the most power when they are united. In both examples, the masses were the factor for change. Also, both nations also chose different routes in which to reach the populous. India, colonized officially in 1858, was ruled by British imperialism. With a population of roughly 300 million people, a united mass would be able to cause drastic change. Total rule over a nation that large is difficult, especially when no Indians hold high political office. India, economically exploited long before they were officially colonized, the British East India Company essentially ruled the city-state. Colonization did not help to improve conditions of the Indians. Native citizens were for the most part uneducated peasants. Education is the key for starting and sustaining revolution. The people of India would need a catalyst; someone who identifies themselves with the
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Indians yet is intelligent enough and has charisma to lead a revolutionary cause. This man is for the India is Mohandas Gandhi. Gandhi grew up with many privileges that most Indians did not have. He was well educated and passed the bar in England where he studied. He never experienced racism until he traveled to South Africa during the apartheid era. Once he experienced the discrimination that the rest of his people endure, he began to act. In the late 19 th century the National Congress, a political organization, was founded by Hindu elite. At the same time, talk of independence started. After the First World, Indian veterans of the war noticed that there were many weaknesses inside both the British Royal Government and the rest of the Western civilization. Collaborating with the Muslim League, the National Congress and Mohandas Gandhi formed a plan to gain independence from Briton. Once
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2009 for the course HST 106 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '09 term at Oregon State.

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Scott Mettler - HST 106 india.china - Scott Mettler HST 106...

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