6 - Introductory Archaeology Archaeology The study of past...

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Introductory Archaeology Archaeology – The study of past societies using material culture. Material culture – anything that humans made/make. Feature – not movable/portable. * We draw heavily from cultural anthropology. A lot of anthropology involves analogy. (Combining what we find and what we’ve learned from cultural anthropologists). Themes we’ll be studying: History of Archaeological Science Archaeological Remains and Formation Processes Field Methods: Survey and Excavations Dating Techniques Anthropological Research o Ecology and Subsistence o Social and Political Organization o Economy and Exchange o Belief Systems o Gender Ethics and Social Issues Australopithecus 3.7 – 2.4 MYA About 5 million years ago there was a divergence from ancient apes to a diff. kind of apes (ca = common ancestors). They were carnivores. Apes hominids
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CA around 5-7 mya (million years ago). Hominid = bipedal “Bipedal” = walked upright (sometimes) Larger brains than most primates Large faces Opposable thumbs Australopithecus afarensis 3.7 – 2.8 MYA Australopithecus africanus 2.8 – 2.4 MYA (Lucy) *Lucy is the most complete Australopithecus They didn’t hunt for the most part, animals were too large and too dangerous. They mostly foraged – looked for carcasses.
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2009 for the course ANTH 150 taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '08 term at Eastern Michigan University.

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6 - Introductory Archaeology Archaeology The study of past...

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