17 - Introductory Archaeology Notes 2/17 Botanical Remains...

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Introductory Archaeology Notes 2/17 Botanical Remains – Paleobotany – study of botanical remains o Macrobotanical – are larger and you can observe them simply by looking at them. You can find them during excavations. o Microbotanical – microscopic things. Pollens – palynology Phytoliths Faunal remains – Zooarchaeology o Animal bones/fragments o Shells Macrobotanical Remains o Methods of Recovery In-situ – resting in place Screen – used in sifting Flotation – you collect the sediment in hearths, etc. You dump the sediment into a flotation tank and submerge it in water so your sediment is constantly moving around. Burned plant remains separate from dirt and float to the top. They are then poured through fine sieves. Palynology – refers specifically to the study of microscopic pollens Pollens Microscopic Provides evidence for o Past landscapes/general environment – some place outside. Different stratum at different sites outside.
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