Sea+Deities+and+MEDUSA

Sea+Deities+and+MEDUSA - Pontus(“sea” Oceanus and...

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Unformatted text preview: Pontus (“sea”) Oceanus and Tethys⇒Oceanids Pontus and Ge⇒Nereus (an old man of the sea) Nereus and Doris (an Oceanid)⇒Nereids Three Important Nereids Thetis (transformation to avoid mating) Prophecy of Thetis’ son Marriage of Peleus and Thetis Achilles Galatea Polyphemus (a Cyclops) Acis, son of Faunus and Symaethis Amphitrite Consort of Poseidon Triton Conch shell Proteus Attendant of Poseidon (sometimes his son) Seer Ability to change shape Old Man of the Sea Appearance and character of Poseidon Stern, rough, unkempt Trident “Earth shaker” Male fertility of the earth; stallion and bull PONTUS + GE NEREUS + DORIS THAUMAS + ELECTRA (an Oceanid PHORCYS+CETO Not the Drama ELECTRA) CETO EURYBIE IRIS 50 NEREIDS HARPIES GREAE=old women GORGONS LADON GREAE (old women) =3 sisters, had only one tooth, one eye. The GREAE knew their way to their sisters, the GORGONS, also 3. GORGONS: Stheno, Euryale, MEDUSA. For hair they had serpents. Terrifying aspect, turned to stone whoever looked at them. Broad smile in archaic art. Phorcys and Ceto Graeae (“aged ones”) Gorgons (Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa) Perseus Pegasus and Chrysaor (he of the golden sword) Children of Chrysaor and Callirhoë Geryon and Echidna Children of Echidna and Typhon Orthus, Cerberus, the Lernaean Hydra, and the Chimaera Children of Echidna and Orthus The Theban Sphinx and the Nemean Lion Ladon, guardian of the tree in the garden of the Hesperides (“daughters of evening”) MEDUSA Of the three Gorgons, only Medusa was mortal. Poseidon her lover Challenge to hero PERSEUS, who beheads her. When he beheaded her, she was pregnant. From her corpse a winged horse sprang, PEGASUS and a son CHRYSAOR (he of the golden Sword). Explanation of MEDUSA Popular in ART, ubiquitous symbol. Anthropological Interpretation Medusa had APOTROPAIC power, take away the evil Notions of evil eye in the Mediterranean. You never look at her, if you do you are petrified. Notion of apotropaic (guarding device) if someone plans to harm you, the expectation is that his/her powers will be rendered useless if Medusa looks at that person. MEDUSA+POSEIDON CHRYSAOR (=Callirhoe, one of the Oceanids) GERYON PEGASUS ECHIDNA (monster) Mother of various monsters By two different fathers, Typhon and Orthus CERBERUS LERNAEAN HYDRA CHIMAERA Theban SPHINX NEMEAN LION Details from an Athenian blackfigure clay vase, about 540 BC. London, British Museum Detail from the neck of a Cycladic relief amphora. Paris Musée du Louvre Detail from the neck of a Cycladic relief amphora. Paris Musée du Louvre Closeup of a Sphinx MEDUSA (Terracotta relief: circa 625-600 B.C. Museo Archeologico Regionale di Siracusa ) Medusa and Perseus classical 450­440 B.C. pelike attributed to Polygnotos (Met. Mus.) Medusa at Didyma, c. 300 BC Medusa- Caravaggio after 1590 Antonio Canova, 1804-06 Met Museum ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2009 for the course CLASSIC 22030 taught by Professor Karanika during the Fall '07 term at UC Irvine.

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