Unformatted text preview: Birth of Athena Birth Theogony 886898 Homeric Hymn to Athena (hymn 28) Masculinefemininity Virginity Parthenos Parthenon Birth of Athena (6th century B.C.) Birth Birth of Athena 570 BC Birth Detail of Kylix- birth of Athena from Zeus. Greek Detail New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art. Athens, c. 550 BCE Athens, showing birth of Athena from head of Zeus, with showing Hephaestus holding axe; signed by Phrynos as potter and attributed to the Phrynos Painter. London, British Museum. Museum. Parthenon Parthenon The Parthenon (Myth-religionThe politics) Built between 447438 B.C. Triumph of Greeks over Persians (480) Complex program of decoration East pedimentbirth of Athena West pedimentvictory of Athena over Poseidon (Athena with her spear grew an olive treePoseidon a salt spring with his trident) Diagram showing positions of sculptures 447-432 B.C. METOPES: Battle between Centaurs and Lapiths-Representing struggle between justice and chaos. and PEDIMENT SCULPTURES PEDIMENT
West end of the temple depicted the contest between Poseidon and Athena, for who would be the patron deity of Athens (Athena's gift of the olive tree was preferred over Poseidon's spring). EAST pediment showed the birth of Athena from Zeus' head. The pedimental sculptures suffered badly when the Parthenon was hit in 1687 Parthenon FRIEZE Parthenon The Parthenon frieze runs around the upper edge of the temple wall. Its relatively small size (3 feet 5 inches tall) and placement (inside from the triglyphs and metopes) made it fairly hard to see from the ground. Unlike the metopes, the frieze has a single subject on all four sides. On three sides (north, west, and south) Procession of horsemen, musicians, sacrificial animals, and other figures with various ritual functions. PANATHENAIC procession. MYTH and RITUAL Ivory comb, ca 600 BC Ivory Mourning Athena Mourning 460 BC- Relief Bronze statuette holding owl c. 450 BC c. Birth of Erichthonios 450 BC Birth Phrynos Painter, ca 560-550 BC Phrynos birth of Athena Athena: Lanckoronski relief, 1st century BC century Athena and Arachne-corinthian aryballos 600 BC-Corinth museum museum Judgement of Paris: Cranach, Lucas, 1508 Cranach, Minerva victorious over Ignorance: Spranger, Bartholomeus, ca 1591 Spranger, Judgement of Paris: Rubens, Peter Paul, 1635-1637 Rubens, Athena goddess-Gustav Klimt (1862-1918) Athena Athena –Vienna statue Athena ...
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- Fall '07
- Greek Mythology, Athena Birth