HesiodTHEOGONYCreation - HESIODs THEOGONY 7th c BC...

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HESIOD’s THEOGONY 7 th c. BC - Literally means the “origin of gods” --Who is HESIOD? -Connection with the Works and Days (Agriculture wisdom poetry) -Also authored by Hesiod Catalogue of Women and the Shield of Heracles (?)
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The role of the Muses Read the prologue. Truth and lie game. Concrete names (Pieria, Mount Helicon, Permessos, etc) Archaic poetry springs from traditions. The invention of a narrator with an individual voice in poetry. Hesiod the Theologian Theogony and Cosmogony
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Beginning of Hesiod’s THEOGONY , 7 th c. B.C.E They, the Muses , once taught Hesiod beautiful song , while he was shepherding his flocks on holy Mount Helicon ; these goddesses of Olympus, daughters of aegis-bearing Zeus first of all spoke to me, “Oh, you shepherds of the fields , base and lowly things, little more than bellies, we know how to tell many falsehoods that seem like truths but we also know, when we so desire, how to utter the absolute truth .” So they spoke… Plucking a branch, to me they gave a staff of laurel, a wondrous thing , and into me they breathed a divine voice , so that I might celebrate both the things that are to be and the things that were before; and they ordered me to honor, in my song, the race of the blessed gods who exist forever, but always to sing of them, the Muses, first and last.
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-Invocation to the Muses Reproach to the shepherd, truth and lies game -The First Gods -Castration of Ouranos -Birth of Aphrodite-compare with Apollodorus -Other Early Gods -Birth of the Olympians- Prometheus -Pandora – Titanomachy -Tartaros- Typhoios- Zeus in power-Olympian order
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FIRST BEINGS COSMOGONY CHAOS GE TARTARUS EROS EREBOS With Night NIGHT URANUS (OURANOS) MOUNTAINS PONTUS DAY AETHER ERINYES GIANTS MOERAE (FATES) NEMESIS (=retribution)
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CHAOS> a “yawning void”
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