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Unformatted text preview: Oedipus and His Descendants Oedipus and His Descendants Sophocles’s Oedipus the King Sophocles’s Main version of the story of Oedipus The play was produced in Athens in 428/427 BCE and won the second prize According to Aristotle, this play is the model for tragedy, because “tragedy should imitate actions which excite pity and fear…pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of a man like ourselves” Oedipus’s Parents Oedipus’s Parents Oedipus = “swellfoot” Laius and Jocasta = biological parents, king and queen of Thebes Polybus and Merope = adoptive parents, king and queen of Corinth The Prophecy The Prophecy After being taunted at a feast, Oedipus leaves Corinth to ask the Delphic oracle who his parents really are The oracle warns him against returning to his homeland because he must “murder his father and marry his mother” Determined to avoid Corinth, Oedipus goes to Thebes instead On his way to Thebes, Oedipus kills an old man and (unknowingly) fulfills the curse of Pelops Oedipus and the Sphynx Oedipus and the Sphynx Arrival of Oedipus to Thebes The riddle of the Sphynx Recompense for solving the riddle = the throne and the queen (Jocasta) as wife Oedipus solves the riddle and seals his fate The Revelation The Revelation The plague at Thebes The oracle of Apollo The messenger from Corinth The confrontation with the servant The truth is revealed: Jocasta hangs herself, Oedipus blinds himself, and is exiled for having murdered Laius The Main Themes of the Play The Main Themes of the Play Free will vs. predetermination Human vs. divine knowledge “Tragic flaw” (hamartia) Oedipus the King and Freud Oedipus the King “Many men have in dreams lain with their mother” (Oedipus the King, 981) “Oedipus’s complex” Conflict between father and son Identification with the father and formation of the superego The Children of Oedipus and The Children of Oedipus and Jocasta Sons: Polynices and Eteocles Daughters: Antigone and Ismene The Children of Oedipus in The Children of Oedipus in Tragedy Euripides and Seneca, The Phoenician Women Sophocles, Antigone Aeschylus, The Seven Against Thebes ...
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- Fall '07
- Antigone (The Oedipus Plays)