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Book+6+of+Virgil+s+AENEID - The Aeneid was written in ca...

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Unformatted text preview: The Aeneid was written in ca. 29­19 BC by The Aeneid in the dawn of the The Roman Empire VERGIL, Roman poet. It begun at the time of Octavian Augustus's triumphant return from the East and composed in the period when the Roman Empire was first being established. Parallels between Aeneas and Octavian/Augustus Aeneas and Augustus founding fathers of the Roman state Aeneas is a character in Homer's Iliad. T Setting of the Aeneid : in the years immediately after the fall of Troy. Aeneid is in dactylic hexameters, the same meter as the Iliad and the Odyssey. combination of long and short syllables. the Aeneid was to be read rather than recited or sung to an audience. Aeneas is the son of Aphrodite and Anchises (remember Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, when Anchises was told that he would have a son from the goddess, Aeneas, the mythic founder of Rome). In the Iliad he is an important warrior, but inferior to Hector. After fall of Troy, he sailed via Thrace, Delos, Crete towards Carthage, then Italy. Book 1: Aeneas encounters a storm and is cast ashore at Carthage, north Africa. Book 2: The hero meets DIDO. He narrates his escape from Troy. Book 3: The wanderings of Aeneas: Harpies, meeting with Helenus. Death of Anchises, father of Anchises (remember he is the son of goddess Aphrodite and Anchises). Book 4: Dido is in love with Aeneas. At Jupiter's command, Aeneas departs. Dido commits suicide. Book 5: Aeneas reaches the island of Sicily on his way north to Rome. Funeral games for Anchises. Book 6: Aeneas with the Sibyl at Cumae. The Aeneid’s CATABASIS = a term that means “going down to the Underworld” He meets Anchises in the Underworld. Book 7: Aeneas lands in Latium. Latinus promises Lavinia. Juno and Allecto stir up war. Catalogue of Italian heroes. Book 8: Aeneas secures the help of Evander and the Etruscans. Story of Hercules and Cacus. Armor from Vulcan. Book 9: Turnus attacks the Trojan camp. Nisus and Euryalus. The camp is hard pressed. Book 6 Aeneas at Cumae. He meets Anchises in the underworld. He must get the golden bough, sacred to Proserpina (Latin name for Persephone). He must bury his comrade, Misenus. Dryden's summary: The Sibyl, prophetess of Apollo, foretells Aeneas the adventures he should deal with in Italy. She attends him to hell; describing to him the various scenes of that place, and conducting him to his father Anchises, who instructs him in those sublime mysteries of the soul of the world, and the transmigration; and shows him that glorious race of heroes which was to descend from him, and his posterity. Book 6 of Virgil’s AENEID Book 6 of Virgil’s PRINCIPAL EPISODES: Death of Palinurus Preparations for the descent into the Underworld: meeting with the Sibyl at Cumae; search for golden bough (what are the pictures on the temple doors? why these?) Journey into the Underworld: Rivers, Styx, the ferryman Charon, the dog Cerberus; Limbo (the untimely dead: infants, unjustly condemned, unhappy lovers­­ where A. meets Dido­­ and then the area for warriors ­­ where A. meets Deiphobus); Tartarus, the place of everlasting sinners; the fields of Elysium, for the blessed (where A. finds Anchises). Note esp. meetings with Palinurus (what Odyssey character does this remind you of?) Dido (ditto: why the reference to Ajax?) Deiphobus (note how this account differs from that of either Helen or Menelaus in the Odyssey: why?). Revelation of the future: Anchises shows to Aeneas the waiting souls of the future, who turn out to be kings and leaders of the Roman race, stretching down to Vergil's day: note especially Romulus, Julius Caesar, "Caesar" (that is, Augustus Caesar = Octavian), Marcellus. Two gates of Sleep, horn and ivory: Aeneas and the Sibyl exit by the ivory gate (!). Palinurus, the helmsman, had fallen overboard, made to Italy, killed by tribesmen. Sibyl, the priestess of Apollo at Cumae, who acts as Aeneas' guide down into the Underworld Deiphobus, the Trojan who wed Helen after Paris' death, for which his body was mutilated by the Greeks Styx, main river of the Underworld Lethe (means "forgetfulness" in Greek), river in the Underworld where souls drink to forget their past lives before returning to the world above Romulus, legendary first king of Rome itself, nurtured with his brother Remus by a she­wolf, and thus emblematic of Rome's hardy beginnings. Marcellus, nephew and presumed heir to Augustus, who died unexpectedly in 23 BC, shortly before this passage was written. Principal new characters: Principal new characters: Aeneas and Dido in the Cave­ Aeneas and Dido in the Cave­ manuscript illustration 1598; Oil on canvas, Galleria Borghese, Rome 1598; Oil on canvas, Galleria Borghese, Rome AFederico Barrocci's Aeneas' Flight from Troy with Anchises, his son Ascanius and his wife Creusa Aeneas, Anchises, and Ascanius Aeneas, Anchises, and Ascanius by BERNINI­ 1618­19 Galleria Borghese, Rome Laocoon and his sons ­Marble statue, c. 140 BCE, Laocoon and his sons ­Marble statue, c. 140 BCE, by Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athanadoros of Rhodes. Imperial Roman copy of Greek bronze original. Vatican Museums, Rome. Laocoon by El Greco, c. 1610. National Gallery, Laocoon by Washington DC ...
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