ps20systemic - Level of Analysis Levels of Analysis Part I...

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8/4/2008 1 Levels of Analysis: Part I 1 Systemic Level Level of Analysis • System State (domestic) • Individual • Differences – Focus – Basic assumptions 2 Systemic Level • Focus – External environment Basic assumption: – The international system imposes a certain logic on state 3 certain logic on state behavior. State (Domestic) Level • Focus – Internal factors Class structure Ch t f lit Basic assumption: – A state’s domestic character determines its foreign policy 4 Character of elites • Constitution • Ideology • History Political culture its foreign policy.
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8/4/2008 2 Individual Level • Focus – Personal factors • Perception Basic assumption: – A state’s behavior is determined by key individuals 5 Goals and values • Ambition Interaction with others • Health individuals. Systemic Level Analysis: Why Termed Used Encompasses all states – Therefore Focuses on interactions between states 6 comprehensive – The system produces something bigger than the sum of its parts. Key School of System-Level Analysis: Structural Realism (Kenneth Waltz) Argument international politics determine by three factors – Ordering principle 7 Ordering principle – Character of units – Distribution of capabilities Ordering Principle: Anarchy There is lack of order and organization The system selects those who will survive 8 – The system is formed by self- regulating units. Survival is the number one goal. – Poland in 1700s did not Did not form effective alliances Weak government
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8/4/2008 3 Characteristics of Units: States Vary in capability But all have basic function: ensuring own survival 9 own survival.
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