ps20systemic

ps20systemic - 8/4/2008 Level of Analysis Levels of...

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8/4/2008 1 Levels of Analysis: Part I 1 Systemic Level Level of Analysis •S y s t em • State (domestic) • Individual • Differences – Focus – Basic assumptions 2 Systemic Level • Focus – External environment • Basic assumption: – The international system imposes a certain logic on state 3 certain logic on state behavior. State (Domestic) Level • Focus – Internal factors • Class structure Ch t f lit • Basic assumption: – A state’s domestic character determines its foreign policy 4 • Character of elites • Constitution • Ideology •H i s t o r y • Political culture its foreign policy.
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8/4/2008 2 Individual Level • Focus – Personal factors • Perception Gl d l • Basic assumption: – A state’s behavior is determined by key individuals 5 • Goals and values • Ambition • Interaction with others • Health individuals. Systemic Level Analysis: Why Termed Used • Encompasses all states – Therefore • Focuses on interactions between states 6 comprehensive – The system produces something bigger than the sum of its parts. Key School of System-Level Analysis: Structural Realism (Kenneth Waltz) • Argument international politics determine by three factors – Ordering principle 7 – Character of units – Distribution of capabilities Ordering Principle: Anarchy • There is lack of order and organization • The system selects those who will survive 8 – The system is formed by self- regulating units. – Survival is the number one goal. – Poland in 1700s did not • Did not form effective alliances • Weak government
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8/4/2008 3 Characteristics of Units: States • Vary in capability • But all have basic function: ensuring own survival 9 own survival.
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2009 for the course POL SCI 20 taught by Professor Wolfenstein during the Summer '08 term at UCLA.

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ps20systemic - 8/4/2008 Level of Analysis Levels of...

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